This text, called by some The Testament of Filderman, is ignored, hidden and treated with silence by all of the so-called “holocaust historians”, who have made a career from sustaining the idea of a holocaust in Romania, basing themselves on the principle “believe and do not question!”
These “historians” systematically refuse to discuss the theories, documents and sources that substantively contradict them. For the same reasons, the Memories of Wilhelm Filderman, which the legatees of that great Jew desired to publish in Romania, but were hindered in order to prevent the unveiling of the truth about how Jews actually lived in the Romania governed by Marshall Ion Antonescu, as well as about the actual relations, excellent under those conditions, between the government of Marshall Antonescu and the Jewish Community of Romania, have been suppressed.
Only the good relations between the Jewish Community and the Ion Antonescu regime can explain the circumstance, exceptional by its eloquence, otherwise inexplicable. For example: in the summer of 1944, confronted by the specter of a Soviet invasion, Romanian leaders, through Mihai Antonescu, appealed to the patriotism of Romanian Jews, keeping in mind that, “in exchange for the treatment which Romanian Jews enjoyed under the Antonescu regime, world Judaism has the obligation to intervene alongside the Anglo-American Powers, so that a communist regime is not installed in Romania.” Mihai Antonescu formulated this appeal during a secret discussion with Misu Benvenisti, the leader of Zionist Jews in Romania, to whom he proposed a mission outside the country: through the international Jewish institutions, to lobby the governments of USA and Great Britain in order to convince them to land forces in Romania before, or at the same time as, the Russians, thereby hindering the Sovietization of Romania. And Misu Benvenisti, to his credit and the credit of Zionist Jews, accepted this patriotic duty, a gesture which, ultimately, he would have to explain in face of communist Jewish inquisitors from the Romanian Securitate (secret police)! (see Teodor Wexler, and Mihaela Popov, Anchete si procese uitate (“Forgotten Enquires and Trials”), from the collection “Antievreismul communist”, Vol. I, p.296). We wonder if such relations between Antonescu and the Jewish leadership would have been possible if Antonescu was a certified war criminal, if he and his government were guilty of the murder of tens of thousands, even hundreds of thousands of Jews. Such excellent cooperation between the Jewish leaders in Romania and the Antonescu government troubled only the communist Jews!


We understand that the urgent order issued publicly by the Romanian Government was demanded from us as a condition for entry into NATO, and therefore an attempt to present a solution to the “Jewish problem” brought up by NATO negotiators. For everyone’s information, as much for the Romanian Government as for the NATO negotiators, we make the following assertion: at the start of World War II, in Romania, Jews constituted a community far from homogeneous. From the perspective of our interest, there existed three general categories of Jews:
1. Nationalist Jews, who were content in Romania and who did not exclude the principle of definitive integration into the strata of the Romanian People, through ordinary and natural assimilation (the cases of N. Steinhardt, Tudor Vianu, Al. Graur, etc.);
2. Zionist Jews, who supported the recreation of Israel in Palestine and who organized in this scope, being ready to emigrate at any moment (lead by A.L. Zissu, Misu Benvenisti, etc.);
3. Communist Jews, Bolsheviks and COMINTERN supporters, who were absolutely subservient to Moscow, who viewed the solution of the Jewish problem in the “Soviet mode”, in which the principles of class war and class solidarity predominate over the Jewish ethnic identity, and who had the purpose of eliminating capitalist Jewish elements and wealthy Jews. Communist Jews were the adversaries of any emigration to Palestine, because this tendency weakened their position in PCR (Romanian Communist Party).
Antonescu and, in general, Romanian Society at that time, including the Legionnaires, differentiated between these three categories of Jews. Neither the nationalist nor the Zionist Jews did suffer as a result of the regime established by Ion Antonescu. The only Jews who were deported, and as such deported as communist activists, were the communist Jews themselves! In contrast, nationalist and Zionist Jews associated very well with the authorities of the Ion Antonescu government.
The fact that the Jews who have made a preoccupation, indeed a profession, of proclaiming an anti-Semitic holocaust in Romania, are the descendants of certain Jewish communists, COMINTERN members, accomplices of the crimes which Judeo-Bolshevism produced in Romania during the years 1944-1964, is most remarkable. That is, these activists of a Romanian holocaust are, in all possible interpretations, the sons of lies.
In conclusion, we may say with absolute certainty that the anti-Semitic holocaust in Romania and the Transnistria is the invention of Jewish and Romanian communists who have refused to accredit the Antonescu regime a single historical merit. Communists, who were pursued without mercy by Antonescu and against whom he entered the war, knew to sanction Ion Antonescu and, in general, Romanians, for their anticommunism, charging Antonescu and Romanians of invented crimes, including the most odious and truly repulsive of evils: genocide! The Holocaust! The return of the Bolshevik and COMINTERN communists to government of Romania, after December 1989, has culminated today in the release of Order 31/2002, by which the public repudiation of the holocaust in Romania is punishable by law.
Not coincidentally, in front of those who create the propaganda for this holocaust, one finds Radu Ioanid, a Jewish communist born of communist parents, supported by other Jewish communists in the strain of Radu F. Alexandru, occasional author of texts about the illegal acts of (Jewish) communists which praise the deeds of certain Romanians and Jews found on the payroll of Moscow. This explains why a certain Radu Ioanid totally removes himself from W. Filderman whose benevolent statements about Romanians and Antonescu disturbed Ioanid, who then declared W. Filderman to be irresponsible. As for W. Filderman, a great Jew, Louis Marshall, former president of the large Jewish organizations of America, affirms that he “is one of the greatest, if not the greatest, of the European Jews.” Today, unfortunately, the United States validates Radu Ioanid, professor of Marxism-Leninism (i.e. professor of lies), raising him above one Louis Marshall or Wilhelm Filderman.
The great concern of this specialist in disinformation is the concealment from the visitors to the Holocaust Museum in Washington of the fact, emphasized several times by Wilhelm Filderman, that “in not a single nation dominated by Nazis did such a proportion of the Jewish population survive as did in Romania.”
We permit ourselves, in this context, to suggest that the American authorities investigate if there is some familial relationship between this Radu Ioanid, the director of the Romanian section at the Holocaust Museum, and the ”famous” (in Romania) brothers Ioanid, officers of the Securitate who, during the 1950’s, robbed the Romanian National Bank, Grivita Branch! From our information this connection should exist, and, of course, would explain yet again his impropriety and lack of appetite for the truth.
The diversions practiced by Radu Ioanid and the other historians of the “holocaust in Romania”, Jewish and non-Jewish, consists of the consideration and discussion of all Jews within a single block, as a homogeneous entity, either to demonize all Jews (the typical anti-Semitic position) or, in the case of Radu Ioanid and company, to declare all Jews innocent, the victims of others, these victims including Bolshevik Jews who have committed so much evil against mankind in the 20th Century. To tell the truth about the crimes and immoral acts committed by Jewish communists together with non-Jewish communists, and to eventually force these to suffer the penal consequences of their behavior does not mean that one must assume an anti-Semitic stance, but rather a respectful position in accordance with the law and other eternal human values. It means being anticommunist! And the diversion perpetrated by the Romanian section of the Holocaust Museum in Washington, i.e. the falsehood committed under the control of the communist Radu Ioanid, consists of equating anticommunism with anti-Semitism!


Therefore, we declare that we are not in favor of public denial or affirmation of the Holocaust, but rather for the public examination of all arguments, pro and con, which have been and may still be brought to this discussion. At the same time we consider that the commission of a holocaust in Romania is, at least at this moment, far from being proven. On the contrary, according to the evidence currently found in the case files, the idea of this holocaust may be correctly declared unconfirmed!
It is unfortunate that, during those years, a holocaust was perpetrated in Romania: an anti-Romanian holocaust, in which perished as victims (1) the Romanians of Bessarabia and Bukovina (“between June 28, 1940 and June 22, 1941, 300,000 Romanians from Bessarabia and Bukovina were deported to gulags. Other sources indicate a much higher figure: ‘between 800,000 and a million,’ according to Florin Matrescu, in Holocaustul rosu (The Red Holocaust), Bucuresti, 1993, p.20), (2) Romanians from Northwest Transylvania (tens of thousands of Romanians perished in the Hungarian Army, sent to the front lines on impossible, even suicidal, military missions; other Romanians were murdered in their homes – at Ip, Trasnea, Moisei and other locations; to those can be added some hundreds of thousands of persons who were forced to abandon their homes and flee), and after August 23, 1944, the holocaust engulfed the entire nation: first (3) the about 200,000 Romanian soldiers taken prisoner by Russians after August 23 and deported to Russia in spite of the fact that there have already been declared the change of alliance and a cessation of hostilities with the USSR, and later, of paramount importance, (4) hundreds of thousands of Romanians from all families, especially young intellectuals, who filled the communist prisons for the crime of not thinking or perceiving in accordance with the Judeo-Bolshevik ideology. We use the term Judeo-Bolshevik with the necessary reluctance, but we have no other term that better underlines the extremely active collaboration as well as the guilt of communist Jews in the invention, formation and application of Bolshevik methods of dissemination, through terror, of the Marxist-Leninist ideology throughout the world as well as the crushing of adversaries, including (and especially) in Romania, were alongside the Romanian victims of the red holocaust, fell many of the nationalist and Zionist Jews.
Order no. 31/2002 does not once mention this anti-Romanian holocaust, real and so very painful, although its effects still have repercussions for those hundreds of thousands of Hungarians, Russians and Ukrainians who colonized historical Romanian territory after 1940, in order to alter demographic realities, and who no one has at this time invited to return to their fatherlands, to the status quo violated by the criminal Ribbentrop-Molotov Pact, a pact whose criminal, anti-Romanian actions are continued by Order no. 31/2002.
This ordinance and, in general, the current Romanian government officials, correspond exactly to the observation made by Mr. BARBUL BRONSTEIN in 1997 when, in the name of honest Romanian Jews, he reacted publicly (see Annex III) to the inane statements of the American Senators Alfonse D’Amato and Christopher Smith, who took the liberty to write the President of Romania, demanding that he impede the inception of a rehabilitation process for those who took part in the government of Marshall Antonescu:
“We would have expected and we would have warmly welcomed an intervention on the part of the above mentioned senators, concerning the urging of action from qualified sectors, in order to cast light upon, and to establish the truth and strict guilt concerning the repression and communist genocide perpetrated in Romania during the last half of century by the government properly called ‘red’ (emphasis added). None of those who lived in Romania, before and during the war, wish to any longer accept the communist theory (emphasis added) of a massacre of Jews during the war, especially the aberrant figures which have been tossed around. (…)It is the biggest mistake and injustice in history to consider Ion Antonescu to be a man who led Judaism in Romania to destruction.” (emphasis added)


We therefore appeal to the Romanian Parliament to reject Urgent Order no. 31/2002, which is nothing but a declaration of the unconditional obedience of the Romanian government to the desires of certain anti-Romanian political groups, associations, etc. which we cannot recognize as the upholders of Occidental democratic values.
We take the liberty, guaranteed by the Romanian Constitution, to begin the process of the advancement in Parliament of a Law against the defamation of the Romanian State by accusations of genocide. And against the defamation of the Romanian People by irresponsible accusations of holocaust!

Bucharest, 16 April 2002

Uniunea Vatra Romaneasca Liga pentru Combaterea Anti-Romanismului

Uniunea Veteranilor de Razboi si Asociatia Culturala Pro Basarabia si
Urmasilor Veteranilor Bucovina

Federatia Romana a Fostilor Liga Nationala a Luptatorilor din
Detinuti si Luptatori Decembrie ‘89
Fundatia George Manu

to Urgent Order no. 31/2002

Esteemed Mr. President,

With the utmost respect we address Your Excellence and your senatorial colleagues from the commission which you so honorably direct, having faith that our point of view, in respect to Urgent Order no. 31/2002, may be of use to you in the decision which you shall make. Therefore, with this understanding, we must make the following observations:
1. It is difficult to understand why there is such “urgency” for a problem which the penal code in force is sufficiently managing. The Order is perfectly useless and would not require discussion in congress except to be demonstratively refuted. This demonstration would be of political seriousness of the legislative body.
2. The Order is mixing up subjects totally different by their nature: (1) “organizations and symbols of a fascist character, racist or xenophobic,” whose discouragement and prohibition have functioned in Romania for approximately sixty years (after August 23, 1944), on the basis of an irrefutable humanitarian principle, founded upon a historical and unanimously recognized truth, and (2) “the cult of persons guilty of the commission of certain crimes against peace and humanity”, a matter which is strictly and exclusively connected to the sentences given in the “Trial of the Great National Treason” of May, 1946. And, as it is very well known, this process was contested by the Romanian public conscience at the very time of its beginning. From then until now not one personality, however significant to this Romanian public conscience, has found it appropriate to confirm the validity and morality of the sentences given at that trial, a trial concerning authentic national treason, but the real traitors of their own people were those who accused and condemned Marshall Ion Antonescu and his companions.
The military action commenced by Ion Antonescu on July 22, 1941, was neither against peace nor humanity, but rather against the depredations committed by the Soviets in June 1940, and indirectly against the Diktat given at Vienna, in August, 1940. It was, therefore, an action directed against the protocol concluded between Nazi Germany and Bolshevik Russia in August, 1939 (the “Ribbentrop-Molotov Pact”), which resulted with the collapse of the Romanian borders in 1940. The recreation of these borders, historical and natural, was the heart of the Ion Antonescu government, and his action could be considered to have been against “peace and humanity” by those directly interested: both Nazis and communist Bolsheviks (Stalinists).
In other words, if the Romanian officials of today, in agreement with all Romanian political parties, condemn the agreement between Nazi Germany and Bolshevik Russia, signed on 23 August 1939, after which Romanians suffered so very much, if these same officials insist that, in the future text of the Romano-Russian Treaty, a public and solemn condemnation of this criminal act (truthfully committed against “peace and humanity”) must be expressly written, this means, through logical deduction, that we are also denouncing the sentences given in the Trial against Marshall Ion Antonescu and his companions.
It is absurd and illogical to condemn both the Ribbentrop-Molotov Pact and the Romanian military action against a Russia which invaded Romanian soil! Such an attitude is absurd or it also means to be on both sides of a fence! The condemnation of the Ribbentrop-Molotov Pact and of the rapture of June, 1940, is not sincere as long as those same officials have impeded since 1990, the reexamination of the trial of “the great national treason”.
Therefore we propose that any reference and any clause about “infractions against peace and humanity” or about persons definitively condemned “by a Romanian or foreign jury for one or many crimes against peace and humanity”, be removed from the text of the order, including from its title. And this because, without doubt, the Bolshevik justice in Soviet-occupied Romania condemned many innocent persons based upon these accusations.
3. That which took place in Romania after 1990 does not represent a single danger to the Romanian Jewish minority. Many Jews could demonstrate themselves unfettered, reaching after 1990 the highest positions of authority, without being opposed for their Judaism, but only in cases of incompetence or impropriety. Romanian Jews, in the last fifty-eight years, and especially in Romania after 1990, do not have one reason to complain about any anti-Semitic manifestations. That which has been made visible and painfully evident to the whole world is the anti-Romanian sentiment! After 1990, the reality of a certain number of anti-Romanian strategists and operative structures cannot be contested by anyone! Unfortunately, too little is done to contradict this offensive by terrorist and anti-national sources. Therefore, we propose that, in Urgent Order no. 31 of 2002, the word anti-Semitism (Article 2 Letter A) be replaced with the word anti-Romanian, or before the word anti-Semitism to introduce the word anti-Romanian.
4. The reference to the holocaust is unclear, because there are persons who, in sheer defiance of historical truth, erroneously or intentionally speak of a holocaust perpetrated in Romania by the Romanian authorities. Therefore, we have the need of a law which would protect us from this accusation, which some have brought before us irresponsibly and idiotically; or in the case of others, for the most abject reasons and with full knowledge that they are practicing deceit.
To the extent that the holocaust perpetrated upon those deported to Auschwitz, Dachau, and other camps in Germany and Poland is real, the denial of that holocaust becomes an immoral and reprehensible act considering the immense suffering of the victims of that holocaust. The memory of the victims is desecrated not only by those who dismiss the Holocaust, but also by those who wish to profit from the suffering of others, inventing a holocaust which did not exist: that of Romania and Transnistria. Therefore, we propose a modification of the text of Order 31 of 2002.
That is, we propose the introduction of the definition “perpetrated by Nazi Germany and Horty’s Hungary” after the word “Holocaust” in the contents of Article 6.
In the same Article 6, we propose the introduction of a new passage, b, with the following content:
“In the same manner, the public accusation of holocaust against the Romanian People or Romanian authorities, as long as an explicit condemnation for holocaust by a Romanian or international tribunal does not exist, shall be punishable by law.”
We believe that the introduction of this passage would salvage Order 31/2002 from inevitable misfortune.

Bucharest, 7 May 2002
With Respect,
Ion Coja

Annex 1 : A Short History of the Holocaust in Romania
– essential information –

1. How did it begin? Who stated it? Who was the first to kill?

Historians who insist that an anti-Jewish holocaust was perpetrated in Romania avoid responding to the question: how did it begin? When I make an inventory of the Jewish victims, chronologically the first mentioned are the Jews murdered at Dorohoi (on July 1, 1940). We are not told why some Romanians (civilian and especially military) opened fire on a group of Jews from Dorohoi. And it must be said that, until then, in all of Romanian history, such an event had never taken place: the murder of persons who could not be accused of anything except for their Jewish ethnicity. What on earth gave birth to such a harsh anti-Jewish reaction?
In any discussion on this subject one must mention the fact that anti-Jewish assassinations between 1940-1944, grouped by some under the abusive title of holocaust, began with the murder of some Romanians, with the humiliation and mockery of tens of thousands of Romanians! This refers to the events that took place in the later half of June, 1940, in Bessarabia and Bukovina, Romanian territories which, by an ultimatum, Moscow claimed under the specifications of the secret Ribbentrop-Molotov Pact. Left completely isolated, without a single international support, Romania had no choice and was forced to withdraw its army and administrators from Bessarabia and Bukovina within the course of a few days. In these ancient Romanian regions there also lived a large Jewish population, accumulated from all corners of the Tsarist Empire, many of these Jews having communist Bolshevik sentiments and pro-Soviet beliefs, or, pure and simple, were active in the web of espionage and sabotage organized in Romania by the KGB. While the whole Romanian Society viewed the Soviet ultimatum and our withdraw from Bessarabia and Bukovina as a great national tragedy, the majority of Jews from Bessarabia and Bukovina rejoiced, publicly manifesting satisfaction for the passage of the two Romanian regions into the collectivity of the USSR, thereby openly showing their true sentiments toward the majority Romanian population among whom they had always found sustenance and hospitality. Many of these Jewish traitors of country pushed their “sincerity” to crime: they murdered and molested, they mocked and humiliated retreating Romanian soldiers and public officials, attacking them and producing a veritable anti-Romanian pogrom. The Jews knew that the Romanian soldiers received orders not to respond to provocations, to avoid any situation which could become a pretext for Moscow to counterblast and also invade Moldova, according to the Soviet plan. Romanian losses, which no one today wishes to recall, were of 32,000 persons – dead and missing, between June 28 and July 2, 1940. Jews from Bessarabia and Bukovina had a great and determining role in this tragedy.
The shocking behavior by the absence of loyalty of these Jews, especially the youth, enraged and embittered all of Romanian Society, mainly which, in those days, the Jewish leaders – the public representatives of the Jewish community – abstained from issuing a condemnation or denunciation of the disgusting public behavior of their Jewish brethren. With this in mind, we quote (a.) the article De ce atata ura? (“Why So Much Hate?), published by Nicolae Iorga in the journal Universul, as well as (b.) notes written in that period by King Carol II in his Journal (Diary), two valuable historical documents:

a) Nicolae Iorga: De ce atata ura? (Why So Much Hate?) –

“Documents and evidence, official acts and sworn statements are collected and grow in number before one’s eyes.
High magistrates and brave officers, who risked their lives to protect, with their power, the retreat and the exodus of Romanians, who witnessed with their own eyes countless acts of savagery, the murder of innocents, stoning and hoot. All of these infamous and criminal gestures were committed by a furious Judaism, whose waves of hate discharged as if from an unseen command.
From where comes so much hate?
Is this how our goodwill and compassion is repaid?
We accepted for many decades the Judaic monopolization and dominance and Judaism is avenging itself in these difficult hours in which we live. And nowhere is there discord, any vehement and public rupture with the deeds of the murderous bands of bloodthirsty cultists. The organized madness against us has engulfed towns, cities and villages.
Our brothers have forsaken their sick children, elderly parents, properties earned with great difficulty. In their misfortune they could have used an understanding word, just a bit of mercy. Warm support and a kind word, even if just for sentimental reasons, would have been received with gratitude. They were treated with bullets, hacked with axes, many of them gave their lives. Their clothes were ripped from them, and that which they carried with them was stolen, and then they were submitted to heinous and savage treatment. This Romanian mass, of a foolish goodwill toward guests and thieves, deserved somewhat more humane treatment on the part of Jews, who praised themselves until recently as having warm and fraternal sympathies toward our people in times of trouble.”

b) Carol II: Journal
“June 29, 1940: All manner of excesses by minority populations, especially Jews, who attack and insult our own; there have been officers insulted, units disorganized.”
June 30: Incidents, particularly with the Jewish population, took place in all areas. Because of this, the evacuation of many locations has been impossible. Officials have been shot, even military units have been attacked.”
July 1: “Much the same news about the excesses and aggression on the part of the Jews and communists. These are especially committed against officers who are often beaten and belittled.”
July 3: “The news from Bessarabia is very sad. Today was the final day of evacuation and it was declared a day of national mourning. Jews and communists behaved horribly. The assassinations and abuses make me fear that a perilous reaction shall occur (emphasis added).”
July 6: “The news from the country is horrible: the behavior of the Jews of Bessarabia and Bukovina has been so bad during the evacuation that it has provoked a reaction and an indignation which has been manifested through excesses, assassinations, devastation. “
After the establishment of the Soviet occupation in Bessarabia and Bukovina, the Jewish hostile behavior toward Romanians increased. At that time the rumor, hope and conviction that Stalin would permit the transformation of Bessarabia into the Jewish Soviet Socialist Republic spread among Jews. Many Jews from Romania, including those from Bucharest, requested permission to immigrate to the Soviet Union, to Bessarabia that is, which would be the future – they hoped – Jewish S.S.R. When, after a year, in June of 1941, the Romanian Army crossed the Prut and began the war of the liberation of Bessarabia and Bukovina, the majority of Jews from both areas, knowing themselves guilty of crimes and other infractions, retreated together with the Soviet army and administrators, but not before engaging once more in murder and the destruction of private properties, leaving hundreds of bodies and thousands of burnt homes, acts which the press of the time as well as military documents can easily verify. In this regard we offer the text of a letter which, immediately after the start of the war, was sent by General Ion Antonescu to his former school mate Wilhelm Filderman, in a response to a letter in which Filderman, a Jewish leader, demanded reprisals against those who killed Jews in Bessarabia and Bukovina.
“Mr. Filderman,

In two successive petitions you have written me about the ‘shocking tragedy’ and you have ‘implored’ me with passionate words, reminding me of ‘conscience’ and ‘humanity’ and underlining that you are ‘obliged’ to appeal ‘to me’ and ‘only’ to me, on behalf of the Romanian Jews who have been sent to ghettos prepared for them on the Bug.
In order to include tragedy in your intervention, you emphasize that this measure ‘means death without guilt, without any other guilt than being Jewish.’
Mr. Filderman, no one could be more sensitive than me to the suffering of those humbled and without protection. I understand your pain, but you must understand, indeed you all should have understood, when there was still time, my pain, which is that of an entire nation. Do you think about, or have you thought about, what happened to our people last year during the evacuation of Bessarabia and what is happening now, when each day, each hour we pay with goodwill and blood, so very much blood, the hate with which your colleagues from Bessarabia treated us during the retreat from Bessarabia, and how they received us during the return, how they treated us from the Dniester to Odessa and on the shores of the Sea of Azov? But conforming to tradition, you wish to now transform yourselves, again, from the accused to the accusers, pretending you forget the actions that have created the consequences about which you complain. Allow me to ask you, and through you all of your colleagues who have applauded all the more vociferously in proportion to the magnitude of our suffering or the blows we receive.
What did you do last year when you heard how Jews from Bessarabia and Bukovina behaved toward our Romanian troops who were retreating and who until then defended the peace and prosperity of these same Jews? I remind you: even before the appearance of Soviet troops , the Jews who you defend, those from Bessarabia and Bukovina, spit upon our officers, they tore off their shoulder boards, they ripped apart their uniforms and when they could they unjustly murdered soldiers with clubs. We have proof.
These malefactors greeted the arrival of Soviet troops with flowers and they have celebrated with excessive jubilation. We have photographic evidence.
During the Bolshevik occupation, those whom you now pity, betrayed the good Romanians denouncing them to the communist fury, and brought sadness and mourning to too many Romanian families.
From the basements of Chisinau, the horribly mutilated bodies of our martyrs are exhumed daily; thus they were rewarded for extending a helping hand for twenty years to those ungrateful savages.
These are well-known facts, which you yourself certainly know, and which you could discover at any time in the greatest detail.
Have you wondered why Jews burned down their houses before retreating? Can you explain why we have encountered Jewish children of 14-15 years of age with pockets full of grenades?
Have you wondered how many of ours have fallen, maliciously slain by your co-religionist fellows, how many were buried alive? If you wish proof of this in particular, you shall have it.
There are acts of hatred, pushed to the degree of madness, which your Jews have shown against our tolerant and hospitable people, who are now righteous and aware of their rights.
As a direct response to the goodwill with which they were received and treated in our midst, your Jews, having become Soviet commissars, urge Soviet troops in the Odessa area through sheer terror – this being testified by Russian prisoners – to a useless massacre simply to inflict losses upon us.
In the region of the Sea of Azov, our troops, temporarily retreating, have left behind several wounded officers and soldiers. When they resumed the advance, they rediscovered these men horribly mutilated.
Persons who could have been saved breathed their last in horrific agony.
Their eyes have been removed, their tongs, noses and ears were cut off.
Can you imagine that vision, Mr. Filderman?
Are you horrified? Do you have pity?
Do you wonder, why so much hate on the part of some Russian Jews with whom we have never had interactions?
But their hate is everyone’s hate, it is your hate.
If you truly have a soul, do not have pity upon that which does not deserve pity, have compassion on those who have lost their children to such atrocity, not with those who have done to them, and who will do to you so much evil.

Marshall Antonescu
19 October 1941

P.S. A wounded soldier from Piatra Neamt was buried alive under the orders of, and in full view of Jewish Soviet commissars, even though the unfortunate man begged not to be buried, showing them that he has four children.”

As at a trial, where the argument or fight between two persons is judged, the judge endeavors to discover who initiated the conflict, that is, who threw the first blow, this detail being considered extremely important in the determination of guilt, the same is true of the Jewish “holocaust” in Romania, which must essentially be seen as a conflict between Romanians and Jews, and we must ask who initiated the conflict? Who first raised the sword in order to commit a both murderous and cowardly act? Who opened the aggression? Who provoked the retribution?
Communist Jews, partisans of the holocaust theory, avoid asking this question which incriminates Jews, but of course not all Jews – just those correctly considered a minority, however may there would have been, but not all Jews, but those who saw their salvation in the Soviet occupation of Romania (or of a part of Romania) and its transformation into a Soviet republic (a component of the undying USSR). In other words, those who began the assassinations were Jewish communists, COMINTERN supporters! The same Jews who, after August 23, 1944, would take part in the governing structure of Romania and, with the complicity of certain Romanian traitors of country, would begin the process of generally falsifying Romanian history. The condemnation of Ion Antonescu and his colleagues for war crimes and crimes against peace and humanity also figures in this falsification. The descendents of these Jewish communists, one Radu Ioanid, one Radu F. Alexandru, and one Andrei Oisteanu carry on even today as activists of the Holocaust, a fraudulent work to which their parents dedicated their whole lives, as agents of Moscow.
Because any beginning has its own antecedents, the anti-Romanian activities perpetrated during the inter-war period by certain Jews of the Romanian Communist Party, a party outlawed precisely because of attacks on Romanian sovereignty and territorial integrity, are worthy of note. The episode at Tatar-Bunar in Bessarabia, organized by Moscow with the support of some Jews in Bessarabia, was nothing but a prefiguration of a close collaboration between the Jews of Bessarabia and the Red Army, as was clearly proven in the end of June, 1940. In all nations and languages of the world such collaboration has but a single name: national treason! Unfortunately, then as today, Jewish authorities, as well as Jewish authors, avoid commenting about this inadmissible behavior.
Into another text, in a letter to H. Clejan, a text that deserves to be widely known, it is not at all accidental that Marshall Ion Antonescu uses the term terrorist, probably the most appropriate term describing many of the Jews deported in Transnistria:
“As I have communicated to you, I had to evacuate the Jews from Bessarabia and Bukovina because, due to their horrible behavior during the Russian occupation of these Romanian territories, the population has been so furiously against them (the Jews), that without this security measure the most odious of pogroms would have taken place. Although I have decided to evacuate all Jews from Bessarabia and Bukovina, due to diverse interventions and conspiracies I have been impeded. Today I regret that I didn’t do this, because I have observed that the most numerous instruments of our national enemies are being recruited from among the remaining Jews. There is not one terrorist (emphasis added) or communist organization, discovered by police authorities, in which Jews do not take part, and often there are only Jews. It is the tragedy of the Jewish Race to not be thankful to the country in which they live and prosper (emphasis added).”
In conclusion, searching for the response (absolutely necessary) to the question (absolutely justified) who initiated the conflict?, we shall read from Paul Goma, from his excellent work Bessarabia si ‘Problema’ (Bessarabia and the ‘Problem’):
“I have not heard – I myself have not heard – that there was a single Jew then and there in Bessarabia–Bukovina during the Red Week (28 June – 3 July 1940) who protested against – let alone opposed – their hate-filled comrades (race hate, not class hate) who committed acts of pure barbarism. The victims: retreating Romanian soldiers, Romanian civilians forced to flee… (…) Naturally, ‘not all the Jews’, writing about the cause of the massacre of Jews by Romanians between 1941-1943, ignore the chronological and historic truth which says:
– first, the cession of Bessarabia, of Northern Bukovina and of the Herta Region, the tragic evacuation (for Romanians and only for them) between 28 June – 2 July 1940, took place.
-and then (on June 29, 1941) came the Pogrom at Yassy, the first bloody act – victims: Romanian Jews.
The truth that tells more: ‘the evacuation’ of the army and of civilians from the ceded territories represented – on behalf of Jews and not of the Russian occupiers – a savage, fanatical, racist, anti-Romanian, anti-gentile, anti-Christian aggression;
And it further says: the Jewish aggression during the evacuation against soldiers and Romanian civilians from the ceded territories represented the first ‘Eye’, and that which took place after a year – inadmissible, reprehensible, criminal – “the Eye for and Eye – was the revenge of Romanians upon Jews.”
Therefore, the “holocaust” in Bessarabia and Transnistria began in June of 1940 with the death, mockery and harassment of tens, hundreds, thousands of Romanians. The main authors of these crimes: communist Jews (or, more appropriately, Jewish communists), Bolshevik Jews.
The behavior of Jewish assassins and robbers, which in June of 1940 struck out against anything Romanian, was, unfortunately, doubled by the solidarity shown to these evildoers by other Jews, among whom at that time not one uttered a word of disharmony with the Jewish communists! They did so, it is true, later and with some timidity and hesitation, seemingly violating a secret order.
Being of a deception close to absurd aberration, the Jewish reaction (that of some Jews, and many at that) in Bessarabia, and in the rest of the nation appears to have a “logical” explanation: Bessarabia and Bukovina were central territories, near where many Jews hoped, even since the 19th Century, to lay their motherland, the much-desired “eretz” – a secret plan whose existence is not too late to expose truthfully. A plan which we are not certain has been abandoned!
The existence of this plan explains much about modern Romanian history. It explains, for example, the opposition from Jews in Bessarabia and, later, from the Romanian Communist Party leadership to the unification of Bessarabia with the Romanian Fatherland. It probably explains why this unification – made in 1918, in defiance of the historical farce committed in 1812 by Imperial Russia – was not recognized by certain western emissaries (the United States, for example), even though the unification of Bessarabia encompassed all the conditions for the application of Wilson’s ideals. This also explains the insistence, after 1920, that Jews be able to obtain citizenship in Romania without restrictions, a situation which could not have given rise to waves of sympathy on the part of natives toward the very numerous Jewish immigrants.
In general, the Jewish presence in Bessarabia and Bukovina may be considered to be part of the Russian strategy of reducing the Romanian presence in those ancient Romanian territories. The Jews’ behavior in June 1940 forces us to see the circumstances from this perspective.

2. What Do the Communist (COMINTERN) Jews and Romanians Maintain?

In the courtyard of the Coral Temple of Bucharest, in memoriam of the victims of the holocaust, a monument was raised after 1990 which offers to the visitor the following historical information written in stone:
1. 6,000,000 Jews perished in hellish agony, 400,000 of these from Romania, foully slained by German, Romanian and Hungarian fascists (…)
2. Dorohoi, 1 July 1940, c. 70 victims
3. Bucharest, 21-23 January 1941, c. 130 victims
4. Yassy, 19 June – 4 July 1941, c. 12,000 victims
5. Bessarabia, July-August 1941, c. 180,000 victims
6. Transnistria, 1941, c. 80,000 victims
7. Northern Transylvania under Hungarian Occupation, 1944, c. 130,000 victims

In general, “holocaust” – indoctrinated historians, both Jewish and Romanian, accept these dates and figures. At the head of these Romanian historians (not many, c. 2-3) who believe in this holocaust is Dinu C. Giurescu who, although he has not made one investigation into these matters, does not hesitate to speak out, in amicable journalistic discussions, or to raise the number of Jews murdered to “over 300,000”. In this same shameful situation one also finds Razvan Teodorescu.

3. Commentary on the Figures of the “Holocaust” in Romania

All of the figures given at the Coral Temple are erroneous. A perfectly explicable matter because they are not based in any great degree on documents, acts or material evidence. With this understanding, it must be said that the Romanian State has opened all of its archives to investigators; on the other hand, the “other side” hinders free access to their archives. Jewish organizations, having ahead the religious structures, do not permit the same freedom and openness for the discovery of the truth in Jewish archives. Thus, access is not permitted to the civil registers (births and deaths) of synagogues. There have already been cases of Jews declared dead on the list published in 1941 in Yassy who are still alive today, with names changed, in Bucharest and in Israel.
The discussion in reference to the holocaust also involves the supposed victims in Bessarabia (and Bukovina) as well as Transnistria, whose imaginary number has risen to c. 260,000. This number was reached through a very strange procedure: an arithmetic operation, calculated on the basis of figures from some prewar (that of 1930) and postwar censuses. The first number is the number of Jews counted in 1930, in Romania in general, and in Bessarabia and Bukovina in particular, and the second is the number of Jews registered at the end of the war. Another figure, a different element of this arithmetic operation, consists of the number of Jews who, in June of 1941, abandoned Bessarabia together with the retreating Red Army. This number was established by holocaust proponents as c. 100,000, without telling us on which documents and evidence such a number, and not one greater or smaller, is based. For modern, contemporary historiography, such a method of calculation is truly ridiculous, even lamentable considering the seriousness of those who propose it!
We therefore declare the first major objection: the supporters of this holocaust have the obligation to detail and document the figures which affirm that only 100,000 Jews retreated together with the Red Army in June of 1941 from Bessarabia. Based upon the documents which we will present later, the conclusion is drawn that almost all Jews from Bessarabia fled to Russia, from the fear of rightly deserved reprisals due to infractions committed against Romanians, nestled by the Soviet occupation. Such a document, German and from August 25, 1941, affirms that ”in Chisinau, before the war, there were c. 60–80,000 Jews. A great percentage left together with the Russian withdraws. When the city was occupied, there were only 4000 Jews.” And similarly, in Orhei, “from c. 9000 Jews, when the Romanian authorities arrived, there remained but 325 persons, the rest having retreated with the Soviets (see Anatol Petrencu, In serviciul zeitei Clio (In the Service of Clio Goddess), Chisinau, 2001, p. 149).”
We can already form a hypothesis that is much more credible than that of the holocaust proponents: in Bessarabia (and Bukovina) a proportion of c. 4 in 60 Jews, that is, with a generous approximation, less than 10%, remained of those who were there before the war. This 10% was not sufficient for 180,000 Jews to have been assassinated, or at the end of the war for those remaining who are counted in the statistics as holocaust survivors. In addition, the number of Jews deported in Transnistria, of whom 80,000 are said to have been executed, most of them from Bessarabia, is a figure that makes the stated 180,000 Jews “maliciously slain” in Bessarabia all the less plausible!
A second objection is raised when we consider the date of the commission of these frightful massacres: the 180,000 victims in Bessarabia perished in the course of two months – July and August of 1941. About 3000 Jews per day. And if we add the Jews “killed” in Transnistria in 1941, that is, in the interval of August-September, 1941, the result is that in August of 1941 Romanians killed around 4000 Jews per day!
With such a great frequency, it is raised the query that this carnage was not in any way made public or even noted in Romanian or Jewish documents, in the press, or in Jewish records. And during that era, in that interval of time, there is no dearth of documents, especially military documents and press reports, or memory notes. And the question of all questions: where are the bodies of the Jews, almost 3000 of whom were murdered each day for six months?
The Russians, at Katyn in 1939 secretly murdered 4500 Polish officers and took all possible precautions in order to hide the crime. But in the end the truth was discovered, and the bodies were exhumed and shown to the world after four years, in 1944. Were the Romanians somehow more expert than the KGB in the commission of mass murder, so much that they did not leave behind any material evidence? 260,000 corpses in six months and not one mass grave discovered after three years, in 1944, when the USSR again occupied Transnistria and Bessarabia, when the decomposed bodies of Jews “maliciously slain” by Romanians would have easily been discovered?
The third objection concerns the Jewish leaders, with the rabbis in front, who, as is well known, insistently and desperately called upon Ion Antonescu in order to convince him to reject the German plan to deport 20,000 Romanian Jews to German camps. There are enough Jews today who praise themselves that their intervention was decisive and had the effect of convincing Ion Antonescu to renounce his intention to give satisfaction to the Germans. But, practically, not one of them reacted to the “murder” of the 260,000 Jews from July–December of 1941! Not one Jewish comment about the death of a quarter of a million Romanian Jews in 1941 has ever been found! What explanation can we possibly offer for the apathy of Jews toward the anti-Jewish holocaust in Romania? How should we comment the fact that, among the hundreds of writers and Jewish journalists, who have written an endless morass against the capitalist regime after August 23, 1944, and against the capitalist oppressive regime which forced the Romanian communists to act “in the darkest manner of illegality”, many of these communists giving their lives for democracy and communism, with all of this, practically none of these Jewish authors “raised hell” about the genocide, on an industrial scale, which in Romania produced 3000 victims per day? This question is also valid for Jewish writers and parliamentarians “gentlemen” Dorel Dorian and Radu Feldman Alexandru! Where are the works which transform into literary opera the spiritual value of the suffering of those “maliciously slain” in July–December of 1941? The works in which was proven the Romanian executioners’ atrocity and lack of humanity? How come they were silent about this, until after 1990? How can be understood this indifference, of hundreds of Jewish writers, this criminal indifference toward the suffering of the Jews in the holocaust in Romania, in Transnistria?! Is it not possible, being that such indifference is completely inexplicable, that something else is at play? Is it not possible that this “indifference” is explained in the simplest way: the holocaust did not occur in Romania! The thesis belonging to serious, honest Jews, which is Moshe Carmilly, Filderman, Nicolae Minei Grünberg, Barbul Bronstein, thesis concordant with material evidences that could be undertaken concerning this controversy: was there or was there not a holocaust in Romania?

4. Transnistria

Transnistria, the region across the Dnister, on the left bank from the Bug to the Black Sea, was one of the eleven administrative regions carved out by the German armies, the Axis, from Soviet territory. The Transnistria Administration was entrusted by Hitler to the Romanian government. Often cited in the biography of the holocaust, Transnistria is the territory where Ion Antonescu and his collaborators believed it beneficial to organize a number of Jewish deportation and concentration camps. These camps, it must be said from the start, were not actually penitentiaries or jails, intensely guarded so that no one could escape, as we see in films made by Hollywood or in the documentaries filmed at the camps organized by Germans in Poland. These camps in Transnistria were either hamlets or wards where some tens of thousands of Jews were sent to live, in order to hinder these Jews from committing acts of sabotage behind the lines and against both military and civilian targets. As it was difficult for Ion Antonescu to decide who among the Jews was effectively guilty and who behaved with such disloyalty in June of 1940 and after, the Marshall instituted a form of collective guilt for all Jews from Bukovina and Bessarabia, the punishment for them being that they no longer deserved to be Romanian citizens. Jews from Bessarabia and Bukovina deported in Transnistria were in fact expelled persons who were given permission to go anywhere they could lay their eyes upon in the whole world, and were forbidden only from living in Romania. This detail is not mentioned by the detractors of the Marshall: Jews from Transnistria were not retained, nor were they prisoners. They were merely forbidden to return to Romania.
Unfortunately, the Jews deported in Transnistria could not leave for other parts, to other nations, either because they were not received without visas or because they feared encountering living conditions even more difficult than in Transnistria. Thus, and somehow against the desire of Antonescu, the deportation to Transnistria became a more severe punishment for the Jews who did not know how to appreciate and respect the life which they lead among Romanians, they did not know how to value the civilized conditions offered to them by the Romanian society, which they did not hesitate to betray!
Not one Jew from Bucharest, Constanta, Craiova or Yassy was deported to Transnistria because of his or her religion! Being Jewish was not sufficient cause for deportation to Transnistria! Alongside the Jews from Bessarabia and Bukovina, the following also arrived in Transnistria: the Jews who were known to have had communist sympathies and to have participated in communistic and anti-Romanian activities, as well as numerous Jews who lived in Romania without legitimate papers and without Romanian citizenship, who entered the nation clandestinely and who, naturally, did not arouse credibility, but suspicion.
Let us not forget the essential: we were in a time of war! An unforgiving war! And it was in the interest of the military action, to which the entire Romanian People committed themselves, that such persons, about which nothing could be known with certainty, be completely prevented from somehow acting against the civil and military authorities, or against the population. As no one would take back these expatriated Jews, and they themselves did not wish to return to their countries of origin, the solution of the camps of Transnistria, although not the best, had its own dose of logic. In some measure, keeping in mind the era, this was an inevitable solution. In the same measure this solution was applied to some Christians, even some Romanians.
It is also important to precisely known the living conditions in Transnistria camps, a subject that is likewise evaded by the accusers of Antonescu, which we are urged to believe that at Rabnita and Tiraspol the Jews lived like those incarcerated at Auschwitz. Nothing is further from the truth! Here are some details, carefully hidden by the false historians, concerning the life lead by Jews deported in Transnistria:
– Jews were free to leave Transnistria if they had a place to go, under the condition that forbade only the following: to return to Romania;
– the Romanian authorities were particularly cooperative with Jews in order for them to be able to emigrate to Palestine. Therefore, the Jews deported to Transnistria were allowed to emigrate to Palestine! Not Romania, but Great Britain hindered the Transnistria Jews from arriving in Palestine!
– in these conditions, the term deportation camp does not apply to Transnistria, nor the term extermination camp, used by certain authors who argue with the truth.
– the Jews expelled (we believe this term to be correct) from Romania to Transnistria were placed in a position of organizing their own existence and survival, through their own labor or through aid received. This help, on behalf of Jews native to Transnistria, on behalf of Jews in Romania and in the Occident, was not absent. Antonescu did not place one restriction on this aid.
Evidently, the action of deportation (transport, housing) in Transnistria was not one of tourism. The suffering and humiliation endured are easy to imagine. There were personal excesses, on the part of certain Romanian authorities, of an anti-Semitic character that could at times be savage. But these few, isolated acts were, in the minds of the authorities, a response or reprisal by which they repaid the well-known anti-Romanian conduct of the “Jews”. Therefore, one must seriously consider Ion Antonescu’s affirmation that he only deported the Bessarabia and Bukovina Jews to Transnistria in order to spare them from the wrath and indignation of the civil population. And how gendarmes and the army defended Jews in Transnistria from Germans, as well as from both Russian and Ukrainian locals. I have heard of cases where Romanians even defended Jewish citizens in the German zone of occupation, Jews who Russians and Ukrainians accused of being the bloodiest of Bolsheviks! As an example of equality, between the two anti-Semitic ideologies, one German the other Russian, the Army of Vlasov earned a terrible reputation in that era, a reputation since lost because the crimes committed by Russians or Ukrainians against Jews do not remotely interest the opportunistic Jewish merchants at the Holocaust Museum in Washington! It is so easy to blame Romanians for Russian crimes!
At any rate, no small number of Jews died, “of cold, hunger or disease,” states an International Red Cross report. Hundreds of thousands of Romanians also died in that time of cold, hunger and disease on the front, far from home! Thus is war! Unfortunately, the number of those who died like that in Transnistria cannot be easily established. This is the circumstance from which some “historians” profit, throwing around all manner of figures in public, the next even more inflated than the last. It has reached the point where some authors even blame Romanians for the death of 800,000 Jews! Normally, a discussion with such persons cannot go very far, these biased persons lacking the most basic honesty, without which a discussion that seeks the truth cannot occur.
In the statements presented above, many facts and circumstances bear witness. We stop at one which is indirectly telling: when, in the spring of 1944 the Antonescu Government decided to return the Jews deported in Transnistria, many Jews from Transnistria, of soviet citizenship also came with them. These would have had ample opportunity to witness Romanian anti-Semitism, yet they did not hesitate to abandon the “Soviet paradise” for the “Romanian hell”, for the “Romanian holocaust!” After the occupation of Romania by Russia, in August of 1944, the Russians began hunting down those Soviet Jews who fled to Romania. The tragedy of these Jews, who may be correctly considered the first political refugees after the war, has not concerned anyone, either in the Occident or even their so-called religious brethren! This is a chapter of the real Holocaust which no one wishes to write, for one cannot gain advantage or obtain ill-gotten favors by displeasing the great Soviet Union! The Holocaust, as well as the war, as well as any human suffering, is something which pains only some. But not only does it not pain others, it becomes a source of economic and political gain, or even a form of prestige. Therefore, that which for some Jews was a holocaust, for other Jews has become “holocash”, or blood money!

5. Holocaust or “Holocash”?

Through this play on words, “holocash”, composed by the combination between the words holocaust and cash, we wish to illustrate the capacity of some Jews and of some Jewish groups to transform the suffering of Jews affected by the holocaust into a money-making scheme from which some have willfully profited. Norman G. Finkelstein’s recent book unveils this sad facet of the holocaust from a strictly Jewish point of view: some Jews who suffered through those years and who later witnessed the transformation of the suffering of some into money for the pockets of others. And both are Jews! And this is yet another reason not to accustom ourselves to viewing Jews as a single entity, as a homogeneous multitude of individuals animated by the same cause, slaves of the same passion and sin! The mixture of the human and inhuman is certainly the same proportion among Jews as among Gypsies, Hungarians and Americans.
The holocash most probably began in Romania. The fact that there was no holocaust in Romania did not hinder some Jews from initiating the holocash. As Radu Lecca shows in his notes (see Eu i-am Salvat pe Evrei (I Saved the Jews), Bucharest, 1994), the Jewish leaders knew to profit from the fact that Antonescu, angry with Jewish traitors who he deported to Transnistria, decided not to allocate from the budget, and therefore not to rip from the mouths of soldiers on the front, a single leu for the care of those deported. He permitted them, however, to procure for themselves the bare necessities, whether through work (the reason he created sufficient jobs for them) or through aid received from other Jews, including the international Jewish organizations. The Jewish leaders from Bucharest began to send information to America, to the Jewish organizations, accounts of the suffering endured by Jews in Bessarabia and Transnistria, texts which, of course, ended with requests of help. Evidently, the magnitude of this aid should have been proportional to the extent of the Jewish suffering. As a result, the leaders in Bucharest began to “inflate” and to exaggerate the numbers and facts about the concentration camps. Indeed, in order to be more believable, they began to write memos toward Marshall Antonescu, in which they described the suffering of Jews in Transnistria, exaggerating and inventing these horrors; copies of these memos were sent to foreign lands in order to melt the feelings of the Jews from the Occident. Today, these instruments of shameless imposture are considered historical documents. Indeed, they are documents, but not of Jewish suffering, rather of Jewish avarice and also treason toward Romanians and other Jews! In fact, toward mankind!
When Antonescu learned of this dirty tactic, exceeded by other Jewish propaganda maneuvers, he arrested Jewish leader Wilhelm Filderman and sent him to stay a few months in Transnistria, in order to convince him the actuality of the situation. After three months in the “death camp”, Filderman returned to Bucharest and until the end of the war did not make one more complaint to the nation’s leader about the suffering endured by Jews in Transnistria.
In any case, the sum of money which Jews from all corners of the world sent in order to help the Jewish deportees in Transnistria was heavily partitioned in the favor of the Jewish leaders in Bucharest. This graft and embezzlement of funds was the subject of several criminal trials before and after August 23, 1944, and the workings of these trials did not present one element that justifies the present use of the word holocaust in reference to the events which occurred at that time in Romania and Transnistria. Today, no one wishes to speak of these trials, so very shameful and embarrassing for Jews. Their public mention would prove yet again that nothing but a shameful holo-cash occurred in Romania, and some would like to continue it even today.
Moreover, the “German Occupation Mark” circulated in Transnistria as well as in all territories conquered by Hitler. This made it easier to obtain these marks in Transnistria than in German-occupied France. Soon a transport network was organized between Transnistria and Paris, via Bucharest, in order to send German Marks to Paris in exchange for hard currency, jewelry and precious works of art which returned to Jews in Bucharest as well as to some of those from Transnistria!
Thus it followed that immediately after their return from Transnistria, many Jews declared themselves “the millionaires of Transnistria” (see Wexler, Teodor, and Popov, Mihaela, Opere citate, p.26-28):
“And what did the Jews from the camps do? They came with sacks of rubles. They bought rubles with 5 lei and later sold them for a hundred. (…) Just out of the camps, you could not lasso one Jew in order to help dig trenches behind the front, so that the Germans could not counterattack. (…) They came from the camps and in a short time became millionaires. (…) They dressed in Russian clothing and took the cattle from the peasants. (…) (from the testimony of Vasile Luca during a meeting of the Central Committee of PCR, the Romanian Communist Party, on October 5, 1945).
Therefore, if Moses Rosen erred or simply lied when he affirmed that the anti-Semitic holocaust began in Romania, it is probable that the holocash began in Romania. Conforming to the appropriate proverb, each nation has the Jews which it deserves, it appears that ours have been the most inventive!